Analysis of the hottest printing equipment rental

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Analysis of printing equipment rental market (Part 2)

(2) printing equipment. The printing equipment in our country mainly has few functions, low level of automation and intelligent control, and poor stability. The supply of medium and low-grade products exceeds the demand, and high-grade equipment is imported equipment. Among them, more than 90% of multicolor web offset printing machines with more than 60000 sheets of paper/hour are imported machines. There are nearly 200 flexographic printing machines with medium-grade and above imported. Digital printing machines with development direction have just begun to be studied in China, and they are all imported equipment at present. At present, the printing machines imported by the enterprise are mainly the products of the following companies: Heidelberg, Roland and gaobao in Germany, Mitsubishi and Komori in Japan

(3) post press equipment. The varieties and specifications of printing equipment in China are uneven, and high-end equipment mainly depends on imports. Famous brands include Martini of Switzerland

(4) printing plates. At present, CTP plates in China are all imported. The domestic silver salt CTP plate has not been successfully developed, and the international thermal CTP plate has become the mainstream. Some high-end PS plates still need to be imported, and the Yin map PS plate basically depends on imports. About 90% of flexographic plates need to be imported

other printing equipment in the Sino Japanese War (5). At present, the film is mainly laser image film, and the quality is far from that of foreign countries under the speculation of various tricks. At present, the main inks are UV inks, inks for color inkjet printing, modern office supplies inks, thermosetting inks, etc. there is a large gap with foreign countries, some of which need to be improved in quality, and some of which are still blank in China. In addition, high-grade blanket mainly depends on imports, and domestic blanket can not meet the needs of high-speed printing

it can be predicted from the above situation that China's printing industry will maintain prosperity and sustainable development for a long time in the future

IV. current situation of financial leasing of printing equipment

the financial leasing business of printing equipment in China began in 2001. At present, those involved in the printing equipment leasing business include Jiangsu financial leasing, Shanghai new century, Zhejiang leasing, Shenzhen Sanjiu leasing, Shanxi leasing, China Leasing economy and trade, Newco leasing, etc

from the perspective of equipment suppliers involved in the financial leasing business, the above-mentioned leasing companies pay more attention to cooperating with foreign well-known brand suppliers, and the financial leasing business of domestic equipment is not involved. At present, Heidelberg, Roland, gaobao, Mitsubishi, Komori and other well-known foreign brands have carried out financial leasing business with leasing companies. There are two reasons why we prefer foreign brands: first, as a leasing company, we should consider the possibility of market circulation when choosing the lease item. Once the lessee still has difficulties in renting, we need to deal with the equipment. The quality of foreign equipment is guaranteed, the recognition in the industry is high, the second-hand value is high, and it is easy to deal with; Second, as a leasing company, it attaches great importance to avoiding risks. The customer base of domestic equipment manufacturers is weaker and riskier than that of foreign equipment manufacturers

at present, the financial leasing business of printing equipment carried out by leasing companies is dominated by printing equipment, with less pre press and post press; Second, the business is rarely involved; The areas covered by the business are basically concentrated in Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang; The lessee's vast plastic tensile testing machine is relatively mature in motor design, and most of them are private enterprises; According to various estimates, the annual financing amount is about 300-400 million yuan

benefits brought by financial leasing to the printing industry

printing equipment has the characteristics of long service life, strong versatility and difficult to move. In addition, the development of the printing industry is in the rising stage, which is very suitable for financial leasing. The participation of financial leasing companies will bring many benefits to equipment manufacturers and equipment users

in terms of equipment sales, because the leasing company provides financial services in the sales process, the equipment manufacturer can quickly recover the sales payment, expand the sales share, and occupy the market more and faster

for equipment users, it can solve the problem of insufficient funds when purchasing equipment, reduce opportunity costs, put advanced equipment into use as soon as possible, and improve the competitiveness of seizing the printing market

in addition, it also brings some incidental benefits

because the ownership of the leased items will eventually be transferred to the lessee, it will expand sales for equipment manufacturers

leased items are included in the accounting statements of the lessee in the form of "fixed assets under financial lease". During the lease period, the assets of the enterprise can be expanded, depreciation can be withdrawn, and tax can be reduced

in the leasing transaction, the leasing company can master the creditor's rights and real rights at the same time, so the assessment method of the project is different from that of the bank. Leasing companies pay attention to the profitability, cash flow and profitability of enterprises after obtaining the leased items, while banks pay attention to the credit and financial statements of enterprises. For small and medium-sized enterprises with irregular statements, no credit foundation and in development, it is very suitable to expand reproduction with financial leasing tools

although some printing equipment is purchased in foreign exchange, the lease contract can be signed in RMB, avoiding the risk of exchange rate

financial leasing usually adopts a fixed interest rate, locking in both income and interest rate risk

if the design of lease term, residual value and depreciation period matches appropriately, it can bring tax savings to enterprises

problems to be discussed and solved in the financial leasing of printing equipment

in order to meet the capital demand, the leasing enterprise adopts the financial leasing method for financing of imported equipment. If the equipment belongs to imported equipment with normal tax payment, there is naturally no customs supervision problem. However, if the equipment is imported with tariff reduction or exemption, there will be problems during the period of customs supervision. As the relevant approval procedures are handled in the name of the lessee, it shall occur within the lease term δ When the normal stress unit is MPa, the current legal provisions have no basis for the determination of the ownership of relevant equipment

Article 37 of the Customs Law of the people's Republic of China stipulates that "goods under customs supervision shall not be opened, picked up, delivered, shipped, exchanged, refitted, mortgaged, pledged, retained, transferred, marked, used for other purposes or otherwise disposed of without the permission of the customs."

Article 35 of the regulations of the people's Republic of China on import and export tariffs stipulates that "when the imported goods that are given specific preferential tariff reductions and exemptions in accordance with the provisions of national laws and regulations are approved by the customs to be sold, transferred or used for other purposes within the supervision period, the import tariff shall be levied according to the depreciation valuation of their use time. The supervision period shall be separately stipulated by the General Administration of Customs"

we believe that in the financial leasing business, the lessor only has the formal ownership of the supervised goods, and the right to use is still in the lessee, neither changing the purpose of use nor the place of use. Leasing only plays the role of financing funds. The lease item has not been substantially transferred or sold, nor has it been misappropriated for other purposes. Only during the period or at the end of the lease contract, when the supervised goods are substantially sold or transferred, the additional tariff will be paid according to the customs regulations to obtain the ownership of the leased goods

therefore, in the financial leasing business of customs supervision equipment, due to the unclear relevant laws and regulations, there is a deviation in the understanding of the ownership of financial leasing projects, which has a certain impact on the development of financial leasing business

[Conclusion] due to the development of printing technology, competition among printing enterprises is becoming increasingly fierce, requiring enterprises to constantly expand production scale and equipment grade. At present, due to the fact that domestic printing equipment cannot compete with international well-known brands for the time being, high-end printing equipment basically depends on imports, and the high price of imported printing equipment is unable to pay in full for most small and medium-sized enterprises that are still in the development stage, making enterprises' demand for external funds more and more urgent. Therefore, the financial leasing project of imported printing equipment has a promising prospect

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